Athens – What To See And How To See It


There are so many aspects of current civilization that were birthed in ancient Athens. Among these are theatre, philosophy, democracy, classical art and even the Olympic games. Athens is located on the southern coast of Greece and has existed for over 7,000 years providing a rich culture expressed in a diverse setting. The term diverse fits as you will find ancient relics and sites in some of the same areas where there are trendy boutiques and sidewalk cafes all mixed in together. This mixture of the very old and the new create a very unique experience provided nowhere in the world like it is provided in the ancient city of Athens. You will need to be sure your passport is up to day so if you need to add passport pages, be sure to go online and access a passport site to help you with this so you can be on you way.

World travel requires a passport but computers have simplified all passport needs. Even if you have to get an emergency passport, an online passport is available to help you. No one plans to have their travel documents lost or stolen but if this happens, help is as close as the nearest computer.

Athens is a city that contains many sites that make history come alive so this is certainly the ideal place for lovers of history to visit. High on top of the Acropolis you will find the Parthenon. This famous sight has earned the honor of being named as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. Investigating these ruins takes you back to sights names in Greek Mythology related to gods and goddesses, the titans and many other mythological characters. Admission to this site also opens the Theatre of Dionysus, the Roman Agora and the Temple of Olympian Zeus to the traveler.

Being the birthplace of the performing arts, it is no wonder that the arts and culture are very important to the Athenians. While the National Gallery is certainly large and well known, many smaller art galleries populate the city. Athens is also host to approximately 148 theatres so if you are in the mood for a show, the difficult part will be which performance to see. Among the theatres is the famous Herodes Atticus Theatre.

Using a bike or even walking around this city is a wonderful way to see the sights. Green space is always welcome when you travel to big cities and the National Garden of Athens provides an exceptional treat. Within it can be found a small zoo, ponds with ducks, colorful flowers and beautiful landscape with no shortage of a shady tree to relax under and consider the sights of the day.

For those who would like to shop till your drop, your experience will be a little different in Athens. Rather than large malls and strip centers, you will find street vendors selling custom crafts rather than name brand items. Some of the most visited markets are found on Plaka, Kolonaki and Ermou Street. You will find endless selections of shoes, purses and jewelry if you visit here and the quality will certainly not disappoint you.

Authentic cuisine is always interesting in a foreign city and Athens is no exception to this rule. Known for their souvlaki, which is comprised of grilled meat, veggies and a special yogurt sauce, this Athenian staple is considered a treat by all who try it.


Understand Just How To Discover The Correct Stocks

For all those new to trading and investing, everything can appear a bit perplexing. Many individuals merely buy stocks for the organizations they are knowledgeable about, which may not be the very best concept. Although the company could do excellent, it may not do as well as they anticipated or even it could do significantly worse and thus they might lose cash. Instead of merely sticking to exactly what they may be knowledgeable about, they might want to discover how to select shares that can flourish.

It really is critical for a person to understand that quite often, purchasing a stock needs to be a long term expense. That is, they will go up and down and thus the person will desire to make sure they understand the stock will rise continuously with time even if it drops a bit every now and then. This means they’re going to desire to look into a stock extensively prior to purchasing it as well as view a brief history of the stock in order to ensure it’s steadily increasing over time. A person may go to this page to learn a lot more with regards to a few of the best stocks to pick right now and also why they’re a good option.

A person is furthermore most likely going to desire to read as much as is feasible in regards to the company before they invest in them. The more someone understands, the much more likely it is they are going to select a stock which is going to excel. They can read here concerning what they may wish to realize before they will decide to buy a stock. This consists of the stock’s record, the organization history, organization objectives, and also the forecasts for the stock to be able to check if it will likely be something well worth investing in. Someone who has all this knowledge has a greater possibility of picking a stock they are able to observe over time help them achieve their particular financial objectives.

If you happen to be considering committing to stocks, make certain you get far more info just before you’ll get started. This online read has a substantial amount of great advice that could help you get started. Take your time and take a look at all of the details you can so you will have a higher possibility of choosing a stock that is going to do great.

Athens – Church of Agioi Theodoroi


Crossing Odos Dragatsaniou, in the end stands the attractive medieval church of Agioi Theodoroi (St. Theodore), built on the site of a church founded in the ninth century, but in its present form dating from between 1050 and 1075. This small cruciform church with its high narrow dome, multiple roofs that lend it an air of rhythmic grace, narrow mullioned windows and decorated central door surmounted by arches, is a precious gem of eleventh century Byzantine architecture.

The earliest form of Byzantine churches was that of the basilica, a long rectangle divided by two or four ranges of columns into three or five naves. Later, during the 11th and 12th centuries, the plan changed to that of a Greek cross within a square, dominated by a dome constructed in brick and often combined with one or more subsidiary domes. The exterior walls consist of square-cut stone with thin brick surrounds and are enriched by bands of decoration, carving and the use of color. Few of these churches were large. Apart from St. Theodore, typical examples are the churches of Kapnikarea and St. Eleutherios.

The glory of the Byzantine church lies not so much in the architecture as to the ethereal beauty of its mosaics or frescoes. From the center of the principal dome Christ looks down upon the faithful and below Him are the Apostles. The Virgin appears in the half dome, while around the sanctuary are symbolic figures and emblems connected with the Eucharist. On the West wall opposite the chancel is the Last Judgement. Colored marble and similar material in the lower walls add to the resplendent beauty of the interior.

The liturgy of the Greek Orthodox Church requires separation of the altar from the laity. The altar is placed in a chancel screened from the congregation by the iconostasis, i.e. the screen dividing the sanctuary from the church proper. This is adorned with pictures of Christ, the Virgin, and Saints, and generally has three doors, the curtains of which are lowered while Mass is being celebrated. The chancel is flanked by the Prothesis, where the bread and wine for the Eucharist are prepared, and by the Diakonikon, or vestry.

In St. Theodore one can also notice the influence of the East on Byzantine art, which was prominent in the period from the mid-9th to mid-11th centuries, when Byzantine artists used a variety of Oriental motifs in their designs. It is probable that the design of pseudo-kufic characters (the script perfected during the 7th century by calligraphers in the city of Kafa, in present-day Iraq) that decorate the terracotta panel below the windows of the facade was inspired by the work of Arab craftsmen.


The Acropolis – Athens, Goddess Athena


Archaeologists tell us that the original city of Athens was situated on the Acropolis. Even in classical times, the Athenians still referred to this area as “the City.” The city of Athens and its patron goddess emerge into the light of history as inseparably coupled. In Mycenaean times each city was built around a central palace, and each palace was under the protection of its patron goddess. Athena was the goddess of the palace on the Acropolis. The names of the city and its goddess are essentially the same: Athena was Athens, and Athens was Athena. She was “The Athenian.” The ancient Athenians seem to have exhibited, during much of their history, precisely those virtues which they traditionally attributed to her. This may be because, when the Athenians imagined their goddess, they did so in their own image.

According to the myth, Zeus fell in love with a beautiful titaness, Metis (“Cunning Intelligence”). Although she repeatedly changed her shape to avoid his unwelcome attentions, as was his way, he persisted. In the end he caught up with her and raped her.

An oracle then announced that Metis would bear Zeus two children: first a daughter then, a son, and the son would be mightier than his father. Just as Zeus had once overthrown and dispossessed his own father, Chronos, so he was destined in his turn, to be overthrown by his own son. In a desperate attempt to avoid sharing his father’s fate, Zeus gave Metis a potion of drugged ambrosia, and then swallowed her whole.

Some time afterwards a terrible headache came upon him. In great pain, he sought the advice of Hermes, whose only suggestion was that Hephaestos, the smith of the gods, should open his head in order to allow the cause of his pain to escape. Zeus was so desperate that even this drastic remedy was preferable to doing nothing, and Hephaestos was duly summoned to cleave open Zeus’ head with his mighty axe. When he did so, to the astonishment of all the immortals, Athena sprang out with a great war-cry, fully-formed, wearing armour and bearing arms.

Zeus’ daughter not only became the patron of many arts at that time normally considered masculine preserves, such as ceramics, she was also credited with a distinctly unfeminine warlike nature. When the Olympian gods were faced with a titanic struggle against the giants, Athena played a major role in the war, defeating the giant Enkelados in single combat. She came to be depicted not merely as a virgin goddess, but, as an ancient Roman writer put it, as a virago: as a female capable of playing a leading role in a world dominated by men.

It came to be said that the reason for the birth of this goddess lay in a wager between Zeus and his consort, Hera, as to which of them could generate the better progeny entirely alone and unaided. By herself, Hera managed to produce only the crippled god, Hephaestos and a monster; while Zeus was able to bring forth, in Athena, one of the greatest of the Immortals.

This seems to have been a picturesque reference to a widespread belief, which was to appear later in the works of the philosopher Aristotle: that the father alone is responsible for generating his children, and for providing them with their inherited characteristics, and that their mother affords them nothing more than a temporary shelter and sustenance in her womb during her pregnancy.

This is a striking example of the strong climate of male chauvinism which dominated the early classical period in ancient Greece, which is very evident in myth and legend.


Identifying Whether or Not Obama Has Proven Himself

Inside the center of monetary crisis, Obama authorized debatable concerns to attract private funds into typically the country’s biggest banks by way of “tests” of their own balances and also some sort of public-private pay for to get their “toxic” property. Obtained banks backed on their particular feet in essentially absolutely no cost to be able to the authorities. Read What He Said in this article. This individual also ended the actual 1990s restriction along with formalized brand new policy enabling gays along with lesbians to be able to serve publicly in typically the military intended for the initial time.

Throughout March the year of 2011, joined the coalition involving European as well as Arab governing bodies in army action, such as naval/air blockades, in opposition to Gaddafi program to guard Libyan people and help rebel troopers. Gaddafi’s 4 decade leadership finished when typically the dictator has been overthrown and also killed by simply rebels about October thirty, 2011. Absolutely no Americans died. Actually, this website has much more details.

About February a single, 2011, openly called upon Egyptian Hosni Mubarak to take reform or maybe step straight down, thus worsening the dictator’s location and also putting the US on the actual right area of the actual Arab nation. Mubarak concluded thirty-year concept when overthrown that year. Two times after having office, Bush-era rulings were nullified, the ones that got granted detainees in US custodianship to go through particular “increased” revendication strategies considered inhumane under typically the Geneva Conferences. Also introduced the magic formula Bush authorized rulings helping the employ of these types of techniques.

With brand-new diplomacy, unsupported claims, and policies reversed any sharp fall in planet opinion to the US (and also the related reduction involving “soft power”) throughout the particular Bush many years. From 2008 to year 2011, favorable judgment toward typically the US went up within ten involving fifteen international locations surveyed, together with an common increase associated with 26 per cent.While part associated with the the year of 2010 health attention reform expenses, signed gauge ending the particular wasteful decades-old exercise regarding subsidizing banking institutions to supply college funding. Click here to Read More.

Starting June 2010 just about all students started getting their very own federal college student loans immediately from the actual federal govt. Treasury may save $64 billion above ten yrs, $35 billion of which often will proceed to increasing Pell Grants or loans to low-income students. Together with funds coming from stimulus, started off $4.3 billion system of competing grants for you to encourage as well as reward declares for schooling. Released fresh fuel performance standards inside 2011 that will will practically double typically the fuel financial system for vehicles and passenger trucks by 2026. Visit this specific official site to learn more.

Ancient History – Athens


Archaeologists have found evidence that Athens has been inhabited from at least the fifth millennium BC. The site would have been attractive to early settlers for a number of reasons: its location in the midst of productive agricultural terrain; its closeness to the coast and the natural safe harbour of Piraeus; the existence of defensible high ground, the Acropolis (from akron and polis, or ‘city on the high ground’); and the proximity of a natural source of water on the north-west side of the Acropolis.

Traces of Mycenaean fortifications from the thirteenth century AC can still be seen on the Acropolis, including some foundations belonging to what must have been a palatial structure. The fortifications, known as the ‘Pelasgian’ walls (after the indigenous people believed to have built them before the arrival of the Greeks around 2000 BC), remained in use until the Persian Wars of 490-480 BC. One stretch behind the temple of Athena Nike appears to have been deliberately preserved in the Classical period.

There was a decline of Mycenaean society across the Greek world around the end of the twelfth century BC. Whether this was directly connected with the Trojan War (around 1184 BC), or the so-called Dorian Invasion thought to have taken place soon after this conflict, Athens does not appear to have succumbed to an attack. The Mycenaean royal family of Pylos is said to have taken refuge in Athens after their city’s fall to the Dorians. One of its members, Codros, became king of his adoptive city.

The collapse of Mycenaean civilization left Greece in political, economic and social decline, accompanied by loss of artistic skills, literacy and trade networks. The Mycenaean form of writing, known as Linear B, was completely forgotten, and the Greek alphabet did not emerge until the late eighth century BC as the new form of writing. At this time city states began to emerge throughout the Greek world, governed by oligarchies, or aristocratic councils. Thirteen kings ruled in Athens after Codros, until in 753 BC they were replaced by officials with a ten-year term, known as decennial archons, and in 683 BC by annually appointed eponymous archons.

Conflict between the oligarchs and the lower classes, many of whom had been reduced to slavery, led to a series of reforms that paved the way for the emergence of the world’s first true democracy. Around 620 BC the lawmaker Dracon set up wooden tablets on the Acropolis known as axones. These were inscribed with civil laws and punishments so harsh that the death penalty was prescribed even for minor crimes, giving rise to the term `draconian’ which is still used today. Dracon’s intervention did little to ensure order, prompting representatives of the nobles and lower classes in 594 BC to appoint the statesman and poet Solon as archon.

Solon terminated aristocratic rule, setting up a representational government where participation was determined not by lineage or bloodline, but wealth. He eliminated slavery based on debt, and restituted freedom and land to those who had been enslaved. Solon created a `Council of Four Hundred’ from equal numbers of representatives of the Ionian tribes to which the Athenians claimed to belong, and instituted four classes of citizenry.

Peisistratos, Solon’s younger cousin, became tyrant (tyrannos) of Athens in 545 BC. He ensured the Solonian constitution was respected and governed benevolently. After Peisistratos’ death, however, things took a negative turn and anti-Peisistratid sentiment grew. By 510 BC King Cleomenes of Sparta was asked to assist in deposing Peisistratos’ son Hippias. Hippias sought refuge in Persia at the court of King Darius.

Soon after, the aristocrat Cleisthenes promised to institute further reforms giving a more direct role to citizens in government. His reforms were passed in 508 BC, and democracy was established in Athens. A new `Council of Five Hundred’ (the Boule) replaced the ‘Council of Four Hundred’, with equal representation from the various tribes. Cleisthenes is also credited with instituting the system of ostracism, which ‘voted’ an individual considered dangerous to democracy into exile for ten years.

It is uncertain when the former Mycenaean citadel was transformed into a sacred precinct but by the late eighth century BC a modest temple (or perhaps more than one) stood on the plateau. The oldest and holiest cult image on the Acropolis was the statue of Athena Polias (Protectress of the City), a crude olive-wood figure, so old that Athenians of the Classical period believed it had either fallen from heaven or been made by Cecrops or Erichthonios. This sacred image of Athena was ritually ‘dressed’ every year in a peplos, a sacred robe, as part of the Panathenaic festival.

A temple is thought to have been built around 700 BC to the south of the later, Classical Erechtheion, to house the statue of Athena Polias. The first major building of which there are significant remains on the Acropolis was the so-called ‘Bluebeard Temple’, built in the Archaic period around 560 BC. The ‘Bluebeard Temple’ is thought by some to have stood to the south of the later Erechtheion. Ancient texts mention a mysterious building or precinct contemporary to the ‘Bluebeard Temple’, called the Hecatompedon, or ‘Hundred-footer’. Whatever this structure or place was, it gave its name to the principal room of the Classical Parthenon, perhaps because the later building occupies the same site.

With the expulsion of Hippias a new temple was built on the Acropolis, its foundations still visible to the south of the later Erechtheion. This building, the Archaios Naos, or ‘ancient temple’, is likely to have been deliberately commissioned around 506 BC as a replacement for the ‘Bluebeard Temple’.

The first Persian invasion of 490 BC saw the victory of the Athenians at the battle of Marathon against the forces of King Darius of Persia. The following year the elated Athenians leveled an area on the south side of the Acropolis and began construction of the Old Parthenon. A new gateway to the Acropolis was also commenced, known as the Old Propylaia.

This post-Marathonian building program on the Acropolis came to a violent end in 480 BC when Xerxes, son of King Darius, led a second Persian invasion of Greece. Athens had to be evacuated and Xerxes razed the city and buildings on the Acropolis. Under the command of Themistocles, the Athenians destroyed the Persian fleet in the battle of Salamis. Victory over the Persians was ensured after the battle of Plataea (479 BC), to the northwest of Athens, when a combined Greek army annihilated the Persians.

In the aftermath of the battle of Plataea, a vow was made by the victors never to rebuild the shrines that were destroyed in the war, preserving them instead as memorials for later generations.

Pericles, who was a general and statesman, came to power in Athens around 461 BC. He considered the oath of Plataea to have been fulfilled, as thirty years had elapsed from the Persian invasion, and proceeded to reconstruct the temples on the Acropolis. He gathered together the best architects and artists in the city and plans were drawn up to erect new buildings that would outshine those torn down by the Persians. The Periclean building programme enhanced the lower city with new monuments, such as the Temple of Hephaestus, also known as the Theseion, and the Painted Stoa or Poikile situated near the Agora (marketplace).


You May Need Legal Counsel Even for a Friendly Divorce

Not a single person should go into a marital relationship expecting it to result in separation and divorce. Sadly, this may happen even after efforts for you to maintain it. A few partnerships actually are just not intended to be. There can be all sorts of causes of this kind of thing occurring. Possibly the couple simply got married too young and now they really have outgrown each other. It may be they have opposite thoughts with regard to their potential future. This is not incorrect, but you’re helpless to work out their particular variations. Maybe these people fell out of love. It occurs. It isn’t really what they envisioned, but once it happens, you need to enable the connection go. Breakup doesn’t have to be filled with fighting plus hate filled communications. An adult couple can part as friends. They’re going to need to have a divorce lawyer to enable them through the procedure.

The nicest connected with divorce cases really should have an attorney legally represent them. You will see personal accounts take apart and possibly assets to split up. Even when there isn’t any squabbles between the couple, there ought to be a separation agreement. If there are young children involved there’ll be special factors included regarding visitation rights and even supporting your children. If contemplating a breakup go to the web site of for important info. Even a friendly divorce needs some great guidance.

Facts associated with Employing an Agent to Look for Bedrooms to Rent

Marketing your property is usually an difficult, complicated and uncomfortable task if you are not a professional. It truly is accurate that many people choose to take demand of offering their 2 bed flats to rent
. But ignorance of the homes sales market, can cause disastrous implications. It is smart to hire an experienced or broker who will assure an individual the sale is carried out efficiently.

However how do you know when the man or woman a person employ is really a true specialist? There are some essential features that all good real estate professional should fulfill. Market knowledge in the vicinity is one. The expert you hire must be very comfortable with the neighborhood in which the home is located. They ought to also be acquainted with the type of housing that sells the very best, usual sales rates, etc .

Legalities and papers is another concern. The real estate investment agent must know direct the legislation concerning property and the essential procedures necessary in a sales transaction. Make sure you advise your realtor in case you have doubts regarding this. Business and people skills may also be important. Though it seems obvious, the real estate realtor must know how to persuade the customer or seller that the option before them is best one. They must meet every customer requirement.

Membership of the professional entire body or association should also be looked at. Although this is simply not a promise the broker is perfect, hiring the best letting agents that belongs to a professional party is a intelligent move.

Beneficial Suggestions And Knowledge About Payday Cash Loans

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Prior to taking out that payday advance, be sure to have zero other options accessible to you. Payday cash loans can cost you plenty in fees, so every other option may well be a greater answer for your total financial predicament. Look to your buddies, family and even your lender and lending institution to determine if there are any other possible options you can make.

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Only obtain the amount of money that you just really need. As an illustration, when you are struggling to get rid of your debts, than the finances are clearly essential. However, you ought to in no way obtain money for splurging reasons, for example eating dinner out. The high interest rates you will have to pay down the road, is definitely not worthy of having dollars now.

In case you are thinking of a payday advance, take into account getting a advance loan on your charge card alternatively. Even when the curiosity on your own charge card is high around 25% it can be nevertheless less than the monthly interest on pay day loan. Having a payment of 15Percent on the two-week personal loan, which happens to be fairly typical, the annual monthly interest shirts 400%.

When you are searching for a payday loan organization, ensure that you take a look at a number of organization well before settling on a single. If you evaluate the service fees and fascination percentages, you will see that they differ from organization to business. Be sure that they are not compensating for lower fascination, by charging you additional charges in certain other way.

Those seeking to obtain a cash advance could be sensible to examine online payday loans, with a roll-over alternative. Often you won’t be able to pay for the overall bank loan with the thanks particular date. Some personal loans will assist you to shell out simply the curiosity, and lengthen the money for one more spend period of time.

Avoid getting online payday loans out, when you are already mired in a financial crisis. When you find yourself having difficulty producing ends meet up with, it would appear that this is basically the perfect time for a payday advance. However, the loan is only the starting point. You should also pay it back again, along with costs, along with a hefty interest rate. If you cannot manage to spend the money for personal loan off with your upcoming salary, a pay day loan is just not an intelligent strategy.

You should find out how lots of time you have to pay your loan back again. In some cases, you may be billed one more fee should you not make the monthly payments over time. Some finance companies will charge you amazingly substantial secret charges if you fail to pay your loan again promptly.

Hopefully this article has been informative. They could be the best option to your recent situation and in case that is the case, you ought to have the right info. Use this info to make the proper decion for yourself.